The Armenian Genocide, or Mets Yeghern, was a genocide organized by the Young Turk ruling party in the Ottoman Empire, which resulted in mass deportations and the extermination of the Armenian population of the Ottoman Empire, including Western Armenia, in 1915-1923. April 24, 1915, is conventionally considered the Day of Remembrance of the Armenian Genocide Victims when about 235 Armenian intellectuals were arrested in Constantinople according to pre-prepared lists. The Armenian Genocide was carried out in several stages: disarmament of Armenian soldiers, selective deportation of Armenians from border areas, adoption of the Law on Deportation, mass deportation, and murder of Armenians. The main organizers of the genocide are the Young Turk leaders Talaat, Cemal and Enver, as well as the head of the “Special Organization” Behaeddin Shakir. Most of the Armenian Diaspora originated from the Armenians who were deported from the Ottoman Empire and survived the Armenian Genocide. The Ottoman Empire aimed to close the Armenian question once and for all through genocide. In total, more than 2,640,000 Armenians died from 1895 to 1922, of which one and a half million in 1915-23. Below are 10 facts about one of the most horrific crimes against humanity.
1. Systematic massacres of Armenians took place in 1894-1896 and 1915-1923. 2. The Armenian Genocide is the first crime of the 20th century, the impunity and denial of which led to other heinous crimes against humanity. 3. 235 Armenian intellectuals were arrested on April 24, 1915, so April 24 is symbolically considered the day of the Armenian Genocide 4. More than thirty countries have recognized the Armenian Genocide. The first country to officially recognize the Armenian Genocide was Uruguay (1965). The genocide was also recognized by the following international organizations: the Council of Europe, the European Parliament, several UN commissions, the World Council of Churches. 5. Genocide Remembrance Day was first celebrated at the state level in Soviet Armenia on April 24, 1965, the 50th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide. 6. The authors of the Armenian Genocide Memorial are sculptor Van Khachatryan, architects Arthur Tarkhanyan and Sashur Kalashyan. According to the legend, the name “Tsitsernakaberd” was given to this hill after the swallows living here, who helped the pagan gods Vahagn and Astghik to transmit news to each other. 7. Many documentaries and feature films have been made about the Genocide, the most famous of which are “Auction of Souls”, “Mother”, “Ararat”, “Lark Farm”, “Aram”, “Screamers”, “The Promise”. 8. During the genocide, however, Armenians in some regions did not give up the struggle. The heroic battles and uprisings of Musa Dagh, Van, Sasun, Zeytun are worth mentioning. 9. At the 9th General Assembly of the ARF Dashnaktsutyun, a decision was made to carry out Operation Nemesis, which aimed to punish the Young Turks (“Union-Progress” party) who organized the 1915 Armenian Genocide, the organizers of the 1918 Baku Armenian Genocide, and the Armenian traitors who collaborated with the Turks. including the organizers of the Genocide Talaat, Enver և Cemal Pasha, traitors Vahe Ihsan (list of Armenian intellectuals of Constantinople in 1915) և Harutyun Mkrtchyan (political leader of the secret police of the Ottoman Empire). 10. In 2015, on the 100th anniversary of the Genocide, the victims were consecrated by the Armenian Apostolic Church, and were later considered holy martyrs of the Armenian Genocide.
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